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Título : Metabolic syndrome and related risk factors in young ecuadorians
Autor : Ruano Nieto, César
Lucumi Villacres, Erika
Vaca Sánchez, Diego
Palabras clave : SÍNDROME METABÓLICO
OBESIDAD
RESISTENCIA A LA INSULINA
DIABETES
ALTA PRESIÓN SANGUÍNEA
Fecha de publicación : mar-2017
Editorial : [sin lugar]: ECRONICON Open Access
Citación : Ruano Nieto, César; Lucumi Villacrés, Erika y Vaca Sánchez, Diego (mar-2017). Metabolic syndrome and related risk factors in young ecuadorians. Revista EC Nutrition, 7(6). pp. 275-286
Resumen : Metabolic syndrome refers to a combination of hypertension, abdominal obesity, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia. It is associated with other conditions such as varying degrees of abnormal carbohydrate metabolism, either diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance, obesity and insulin resistance. Nowadays it is proven that it is a health condition that promotes atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolic syndrome was considered a few years ago, as a condition of adulthood, however, it has recently been demonstrated a prevalence increasing in children, adolescents and young adults linked to the significant increase of obesity in these age groups and therefore an increment in complications like cardiovascular morbidity and mortality increasingly in younger ages. The criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome have been developed based on the adult population and its practical utility allows secondary prevention. In young populations, metabolic syndrome is much less prevalent, so the inclusion of other markers such as body mass index and markers of inflammation, pro inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, is essential to make a diagnosis closer to their reality. We review the literature on metabolic syndrome and its major components in young adults, an age group that for their living conditions is becoming more vulnerable, the same ones that in case of not been controlled, could make complications such as cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus being present increasingly in younger ages. We include the results of research conducted in young students in the first semester of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Central University of Ecuador
URI : http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/11504
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