Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/14446
Título : Emergency room visits for respiratory conditions in children increased after Guagua Pichincha volcanic eruptions in April 2000 in Quito, Ecuador Observational Study
Autor : Estrella Cahueñas, Bertha Magdalena
Sempértegui, Fernando
Khurana, Gauri
Jagai, Jyotsna S
Játiva, Edgar
Palabras clave : VOLCANES ACTIVOS
RUINAS DE POPEYA
GASES SOBRECALENTADOS
EMISIONES TÓXICAS
Fecha de publicación : 2007
Editorial : Quito: BioMed Central
Citación : Estrella Cahueñas, Bertha Magdalena y otros (2007). Emergency room visits for respiratory conditions in children increased after Guagua Pichincha volcanic eruptions in April 2000 in Quito, Ecuador Observational Study. Environmental Health 6(21): 1-11
Resumen : Background: This study documented elevated rates of emergency room (ER) visits for acute upper and lower respiratory infections and asthma-related conditions in the children of Quito, Ecuador associated with the eruption of Guagua Pichincha in April of 2000. Methods: We abstracted 5169 (43% females) ER records with primary respiratory conditions treated from January 1 – December 27, 2000 and examined the change in pediatric ER visits for respiratory conditions before, during, and after exposure events of April, 2000. We applied a Poisson regression model adapted to time series of cases for three non-overlapping disease categories: acute upper respiratory infection (AURI), acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), and asthma-related conditions in boys and girls for three age groups: 0–4, 5–9, and 10–15 years. Results: At the main pediatric medical facility, the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital, the rate of emergency room (ER) visits due to respiratory conditions substantially increased in the three weeks after eruption (RR = 2.22, 95%CI = [1.95, 2.52] and RR = 1.72 95%CI = [1.49, 1.97] for lower and upper respiratory tract infections respectively. The largest impact of eruptions on respiratory distress was observed in children younger than 5 years (RR = 2.21, 95%CI = [1.79, 2.73] and RR = 2.16 95%CI = [1.67, 2.76] in boys and girls respectively). The rate of asthma and asthma-related diagnosis doubled during the period of volcano fumarolic activity (RR = 1.97, 95%CI = [1.19, 3.24]). Overall, 28 days of volcanic activity and ash releases resulted in 345 (95%CI = [241, 460]) additional ER visits due to respiratory conditions. Conclusion: The study has demonstrated strong relationship between ash exposure and respiratory effects in children.
URI : http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/14446
Aparece en las colecciones: Artículos Indexados

Ficheros en este ítem:
Fichero Descripción Tamaño Formato  
Berta Estrella.pdfARTÍCULO A TEXTO COMPLETO 538.44 kBAdobe PDFVisualizar/Abrir


Los ítems de DSpace están protegidos por copyright, con todos los derechos reservados, a menos que se indique lo contrario.