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Título : Population structure and genetic diversity in the invasive freshwater snail Galba schirazensis (Lymnaeidae)
Autor : Calvopiña, M.
Rodríguez Hidalgo, R.
Palabras clave : CARACOL DE AGUA DULCE
ENFERMEDADES INFECCIOSAS
FASCIOLIASIS
GEN AMITOCONDRIAL
Fecha de publicación : 2018
Editorial : [s.d.t.]
Citación : Calvopiña, M. y Rodríguez Hidalgo, R. (2018). Population structure and genetic diversity in the invasive freshwater snail Galba schirazensis (Lymnaeidae). Can. J. Zool. 96: 425–435
Resumen : We studied the population genetic structure of the freshwater snail Galba schirazensis (Küster, 1862), a potential vector of infectious diseases such as fascioliasis. Galba schirazensis has now a worldwide distribution but a poorly known origin because this species has been distinguished only recently from the morphologically similar and cosmopolitan Galba truncatula (O.F. Müller, 1774).Wedeveloped specific microsatellite markers and sequenced amitochondrial gene (cytochrome oxidase subunit I (CO1)) to study individuals of G. schirazensis from the Old World and the New World. We found very low genetic diversity within populations, no heterozygotes, and marked population structure—a pattern observed in other highly selfing lymnaeid species with recently enlarged distributions as a result of biological invasions. The total lack of observed heterozygosity in the few populations of G. schirazensis that displayed some allelic diversity suggests high selfing rates.Wealso found that the center of diversity, and by extension the origin area of this species, should be found in the New World, whereas Old World populations should rather result from a recent introduction of a genetically uniform population. The microsatellite markers developed here will help to clarify the history of expansion of G. schirazensis and might help to understand its role as a potential vector of infectious diseases.
URI : http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/15528
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