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Título : Cognitive Decline in Adults Aged 65 and Older in Cumbayá, Quito, Ecuador: Prevalence and Risk Factors
Autor : Espinosa, Patricio H.
Espinosa, Patricio S.
Donadi, Eduardo A.
Martinez, Edson Z.
Salazar-Uribe, Juan C.
Moriguti
Colcha, Mishell C.
Garcia, Susana E.
Naranjo, Raquel
Altamirano, Wilson E.
Koek, Adriana Y.
Palabras clave : DEMENTIA
COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT
COGNITIVE DECLINE
ALZHEIMER DISEASE
Fecha de publicación : 7-sep-2018
Editorial : Quito
Citación : Espinosa Del Pozo P H, Espinosa P S, Donadi E A, et al. (September 07, 2018) Cognitive Decline in Adults Aged 65 and Older in Cumbayá, Quito, Ecuador: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Cureus 10(9),1-19
Resumen : Objective To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for cognitive decline and dementia in individuals greater than 65 years of age in Cumbayá, Quito, Ecuador. Methods This is a cross-sectional observational study that was carried out in adults over age 65. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Ascertain Dementia Eight-Item Informant Questionnaire (AD8), and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were used to assess the cognitive status and nutritional habits of this population. Results A total of 144 patients (mean age 75.3 years, 77.1% female) participated in this study. Forty percent of patients had AD8 and MMSE scores consistent with cognitive impairment and possible dementia. Age (p < 0.01), lower educational level (p < 0.01), history of stroke (p < 0.01), history of intracerebral hemorrhage (p < 0.01), diabetes mellitus (p < 0.01), and malnutrition (p < 0.01) were statistically significant risk factors for cognitive impairment. Exercise was found to be protective against cognitive decline in our study group (p < 0.03). Gender, ethnicity, location, head trauma, Parkinson disease, hypercholesterolemia, myocardial infarction, thyroid disease, depression, anxiety, and family history of dementia were not found to be associated with cognitive decline in this population.
URI : http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/17207
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