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Título : Zoonotic Blood-Borne Pathogens in Non-Human Primates in the Neotropical Region: A Systematic Review
Autor : Carrillo-Bilbao, Gabriel
Martin-Solano, Sarah
Saegerman, Claude
Palabras clave : Ecuador
Non-human primates
Alouatta
Blood-borne pathogen
Protozoa
Plasmodium
Trypanosoma
Yellow fever
Fecha de publicación : 10-ago-2021
Citación : Carrillo-Bilbao, G., Martin-Solano, S., & Saegerman, C. (2021). Zoonotic Blood-Borne Pathogens in Non-Human Primates in the Neotropical Region: A Systematic Review. Pathogens, 10(8), 1009. doi:10.3390/pathogens10081009
Resumen : Background: Understanding which non-human primates (NHPs) act as a wild reservoir for blood-borne pathogens will allow us to better understand the ecology of diseases and the role of NHPs in the emergence of human diseases in Ecuador, a small country in South America that lacks information on most of these pathogens. Methods and principal findings: A systematic review was carried out using PRISMA guidelines from 1927 until 2019 about blood-borne pathogens present in NHPs of the Neotropical region (i.e., South America and Middle America). Results: A total of 127 publications were found in several databases. We found in 25 genera (132 species) of NHPs a total of 56 blood-borne pathogens in 197 records where Protozoa has the highest number of records in neotropical NHPs (n = 128) compared to bacteria (n = 12) and viruses (n = 57). Plasmodium brasilianum and Trypanosoma cruzi are the most recorded protozoa in NHP. The neotropical primate genus with the highest number of blood-borne pathogens recorded is Alouatta sp. (n = 32). The use of non-invasive samples for neotropical NHPs remains poor in a group where several species are endangered or threatened. A combination of serological and molecular techniques is common when detecting blood-borne pathogens. Socioecological and ecological risk factors facilitate the transmission of these parasites. Finally, a large number of countries remain unsurveyed, such as Ecuador, which can be of public health importance. Conclusions and significance: NHPs are potential reservoirs of a large number of blood-borne pathogens. In Ecuador, research activities should be focused on bacteria and viruses, where there is a gap of information for neotropical NHPs, in order to implement surveillance programs with regular and effective monitoring protocols adapted to NHPs.
URI : http://www.dspace.uce.edu.ec/handle/25000/24455
ISSN : 2076-0817
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